Depressive disorders include depression, seasonal affective disorder and post-natal depression.

Mood disorders are categorized into two major groups with several related sub-categories.mood-disorder-counseling

  Symptoms of depression include:

  • Lasting sadness and anxiety
  • Lethargy
  • Difficulties with focus or concentration
  • Sleeplessness or over sleeping
  • Disinterest in once favoured activities
  • Feelings of guilt or despair
  • Pains or bodily ailments that are not due an injury or illness
  • Thoughts of death or suicidal thoughts


A depressive episode is indicated if one experiences five or more or these symptoms over a period of two or more weeks.  

Depression is diagnosed in line with specific criteria typically through a mental health screening with a local G.P. or another qualified mental health professional.

Bi-polar disorders are characterized by marked periods of mania as well as depression.

Symptoms of mania include:

  • Euphoric mood
  • Increased levels of energy and enthusiasm
  • Irritability
  • Rapid speech and thoughts
  • Distractibility
  • Needing little sleep
  • Assuming large goal oriented tasks
  • Engaging in high risk behaviours
  • Having an inflated  or unrealistic idea of one’s ability


Manic episodes are diagnosed in accordance with particular criteria through mental health screening with a qualified professional.
The precise cause of depressive disorders is still a matter of scientific research.  However, it is thought that genetic, environmental and cognitive factors such as trauma, loss or an unwelcome event may all contribute to the onset of a depressive disorder.
Counselling can help you to allay any fears you may have in relation to depression.  It may also be helpful in assisting you to address negative thought patterns, triggers, low self esteem and relationship issues.